Assignment 1 | Harvard System of Referencing Guide

Referencing in the text of your assessment

In This example, the quote went over two pages therefore the page numbers were represented as 69-70, rather than as a single number.  Also notice that when the quote ends the sentence, the full stop comes after the inverted comma.

Direct quote from a book or journal article with two authors:

McCarthy and Hatcher (1996: 69-70) insist that with presentations ‘structure must be clear and precise’.


With presentations, ‘structure must be clear and precise’ (McCarthy and Hatcher, 1996: 69-70).

Creating a reference list

All of the sources you refer to in the main body of your assignment need to be listed at the end of the assignment in a reference list.  In a reference list, you only need to list those sources from which you have either quoted or paraphrased.  For example, you do not have to list books you used for background reading purposes.  When creating a reference list, the sources should be listed alphabetically by author’s surname, should be left justified, and the references should never be preceded by a bullet-point or number.  Where the author is anonymous or unknown for any one source, insert that source in the alphabetical list using the title of the source instead of the author’s name.  All sources should be listed together; there should not be separate lists for books versus journal articles versus electronic sources.  The reference list should be on a separate page from the rest of the assignment and should be simply titled ‘References’ or ‘Literature Cited’ and the title should be in the same font and size as the other headings in your assignment.

Book with one author

Adair, J. (1988) Effective time management: How to save time and spend it wisely, London: Pan Books.

Book with two authors

McCarthy, P. and Hatcher, C. (1996) Speaking persuasively: Making the most of your presentations, Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

Book with three or more authors

Fisher, R., Ury, W. and Patton, B. (1991) Getting to yes: Negotiating an agreement without giving in, 2nd edition, London: Century Business.

Book – second or later edition

Barnes, R. (1995) Successful study for degrees, 2nd edition, London: Routledge.

Book by same author in the same year

Napier, A. (1993a) Fatal storm, Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

Napier, A. (1993b) Survival at sea, Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

Book with an editor

Danaher, P. (ed.) (1998) Beyond the ferris wheel, Rockhampton: CQU Press.

If you have used a chapter in a book written by someone other than the editor

Byrne, J. (1995) ‘Disabilities in tertiary education’, in Rowan, L. and McNamee, J. (ed.) Voices of a Margin, Rockhampton: CQU Press.

Books with an anonymous or unknown author

The University Encyclopedia (1985) London: Roydon.

In the WWW page example, sometimes the author’s details or the date of publication/update might be missing.  When the author’s name is missing, use the name of the web page to list the reference, as you would with any other anonymous source.  If the date of publication or update is missing, omit this information, but be sure to still include in square brackets the date you accessed the information.

Young, C. (2001) English Heritage position statement on the Valletta Convention, [Online], Available: [24 Aug 2001].


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