There are many, many forms of coding. These include such as web coding which uses HTML, CSS and PHP. Computer programming which can be done by C++, Java, C# and many more languages.
I find that coding itself can be an artform, it allows you to express yourself and communicate with others, a masterfly written piece of code can be just as telling as self portrait.
The process of designing, writing, testing, debugging / troubleshooting, and maintaining the source code of computer programs can take a striking similarity to design work. Maintining, tweaking, keeping up with trends etc
Designing, writing, testing, debugging / troubleshooting, and maintaining the source code of computer programs.
It’s used to create websites, software programs, methods of working. Without programming, Photoshop or inDesign would not exist.
Generaly done on any computer device, using software such as Dreamweaver or notepad++.
Embossing and debossing are processes of creating either raised or recessed relief images and designs in paper and other materials. An embossed pattern is raised against the background, while a debossed pattern is sunken into the surface of the material (but might protrude somewhat on the reverse, back side).
Embossing is not limited to paper, it can also be applied to Leather, Metal and pritty much any other similar material, even soft or headed plastics.
Embossing is typically accomplished by applying heat and pressure with male and female dies, usually made of copper or brass, that fit together and squeeze the fibers of the substrate. The combination of pressure and heat raises the level of the image higher than the substrate, while “ironing” it to make it smooth. In printing this is accomplished on a letterpress. The most common machines are the Kluge Letterpress and the Heidelberg Letterpress.
“Debossing” is similar to embossing, but recesses the design rather than raising it.
Most types of paper can be embossed, and size is not normally a consideration. Embossing without ink, so that the image is raised but not colored, is called “blind embossing.” Embossing used in conjunction with ink, so that the raised area is colored, is called “color register embossing.” Embossing used in conjunction with foil stamping is called “combination stamping” or “combo stamping.”
Embossing involves a separate stage in the production process, after any varnishing and laminating. It requires a separate press run, and is priced accordingly. In addition to being used as a design element, embossing can be used to improve the performance of paper products like napkins, diapers, and tissue paper.
A notary public may use an embossed seal to mark legal papers, either in the form of an adhesive seal, or using a clamp-like embossing device, to certify a signature on a document, contract, etc., or cause to become certified through a notary public or bill. Registered professional engineers also use embossing seals to certify drawings, thereby guaranteeing to the recipient that due diligence has been exercised in the design.
Embossing has been used regularly on postage stamps. The embossed paper of a letter sheet or stamped envelope is called an indicium. Notable early examples include some of the earliest stamps of Italy, Natal, and Switzerland, as well as the early high values of Britain. Modern stamps still sometimes use embossing as a design element.
- Document authentication
- Thank you notes and invitations
- Embossing is a great method for personalizing gifts like a leather wallet or diary
- Embossed fabrics are very popular
- Business cards are probably one of the largest applications of embossing used in the corporate world.
- The advertising and marketing industry is also a fan of embossing. It is a popular style used for promotional materials. It is also a popular way to imprint brand names on freebies and giveaways so that the brand name is present in an unobtrusive way.
- Embossing is also popularly used on bookbindings of classic leather bound books.
- Embossing is also used for the publishing of Braille symbols and books for the blind.
This last use got me thinking…
Embossing seems to add an heir of class to an item, which is why it is so popular for busiess cards.
I used to have an embossing machine similar to this when i was wee. lots of fun and hurt fingers!
Additive manufacturing or 3D printing is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model. 3D printing is achieved using an additive process, where successive layers of material are laid down in different shapes. 3D printing is considered distinct from traditional machining techniques, which mostly rely on the removal of material by methods such as cutting or drilling (subtractive processes).
A materials printer usually performs 3D printing processes using digital technology. Since the start of the twenty-first century there has been a large growth in the sales of these machines, and their price has dropped substantially.
The technology is used in
- jewellry (Ted Noten)
- industrial design
- engineering and construction
- dental and medical industries
- geographic information systems
- Even printing organs for use in surgery
If we had access to a 3D printer at uni, i think i would be on it all the time.
Future applications for 3D printing might include creating open-source scientific equipment or other other science-based applications like reconstructing fossils in paleontology, replicating ancient and priceless artifacts in archaeology, reconstructing bones and body parts in forensic pathology and reconstructing heavily damaged evidence acquired from crime scene investigations.
Mosaic is the art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It may be a technique of decorative art, an aspect of interior decoration, or of cultural and spiritual significance as in a cathedral. Small pieces, normally roughly quadratic, of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae, (diminutive tessellae), are used to create a pattern or picture.
Mosaic is a very old artform, going back past the Roman and Greek empires. You can use almost any material in a mosaic, glass, metal, string, stones, even pencils.
- Opus regulatum: A grid; all tesserae align both vertically and horizontally.
- Opus tessellatum: Tesserae form vertical or horizontal rows, but not both.
- Opus vermiculatum: One or more lines of tesserae follow the edge of a special shape (letters or a major central graphic).
- Opus musivum: Vermiculatum extends throughout the entire background.
- Opus palladianum: Instead of forming rows, tesserae are irregularly shaped. Also known as “crazy paving”.
- Opus sectile: A major shape (e.g. heart, letter, cat) is formed by a single tessera, as later in pietra dura.
- Opus classicum: When vermiculatum is combined with tessellatum or regulatum.
- Opus circumactum: Tesserae are laid in overlapping semicircles or fan shapes.
- Micromosaic: using very small tesserae, in Byzantine icons and Italian panels for jewellery from the Renaissance on.
Often used to create images on the floor of Roman villas, often a way of showing off wealth.
Normally found in swimming pools or bathrooms, where tiles are normally found.
Mosaics today still serve the same basic purpose, as a way of decoration. Often neglected in modern times it would be interestin to experiment with mosaics and modern principles and technology.